What is Pneumonia? - all global updates

What is Pneumonia?

Pneumonia

·         Pneumonia is the inflammation of the lung tissue.

·         Pneumonia can either be primary (to the causing organism) or secondary to pathological damage in the respiratory system


·         It occurs in persons of all ages, although the clinical manifestations are most severe in the very young, the elderly, and the chronically ill.


·         The most prominent pathogen causing community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in otherwise healthy adults is S. pneumonia and accounts for up to 75% of all acute cases.


·         Other common pathogens include M. pneumoniae, Legionella species, C. pneumoniae, H. influenzae, and a variety of viruses including influenza.

References

Wells BG, DiPiro J, Schwinghammer T (2013), Pharmacotherapy Handbook (6th Ed). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.


DiPiro JT, Talbert RL, Yee GC, Matzke GR, Wells BG, Posey ML, (2008): Pharmacotherapy: A Pathophysiologic Approach (7th ed): New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.


Katz M D., Matthias KR., Chisholm-Burns M A., Pharmacotherapy(2011) Principles & Practice Study Guide: A Case-Based Care Plan Approach: New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.


Schwinghammer TL, Koehler JM (2009) Pharmacotherapy Casebook: A Patient-Focused Approach (7th ed): New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

 

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