Clinical Presentation and Diagnosis of Leprosy

The diagnosis of leprosy
The diagnosis of leprosy relies on both passive and active case-finding.

Clinical diagnosis.
This is achieved through observation of signs or symptoms of leprosy which includes;
·         One or more pale or reddish, hypo-pigmented patch(es) on the skin with diminished or loss of sensation.
·         Painless swelling or lumps in the face and/or earlobes.
·         Enlarged and/or tender nerves.
·         Burning sensation of the skin.
·         Numbness or tingling of hands and/or feet.
·         Weakness of eyelids, hands, and/or feet.
·         Painless wounds or burns on the hands and/or feet.

Examination of other organs:
·         Leprosy can affect a few organs other than skin and peripheral nerves.
·         Depending on the duration of the disease and the spread of leprosy through the body, various other organs may show signs typical for leprosy

Man Sitting Behind Book Collection

References
Wells BG, DiPiro J, Schwinghammer T (2013), Pharmacotherapy Handbook (6th Ed). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

DiPiro JT, Talbert RL, Yee GC, Matzke GR, Wells BG, Posey ML, (2008): Pharmacotherapy: A Pathophysiologic Approach (7th ed): New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Katz M D., Matthias KR., Chisholm-Burns M A., Pharmacotherapy(2011) Principles & Practice Study Guide: A Case-Based Care Plan Approach: New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.


Schwinghammer TL, Koehler JM (2009) Pharmacotherapy Casebook: A Patient-Focused Approach (7th ed): New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

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